PSYCHOLOGICAL MORBIDITY AND SELF-ESTEEM IN PATIENTS OF ACNE VULGARIS: DATA FROM A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN PAKISTAN

Main Article Content

Maria Syed
Muhammad Amer Saleem
Abdul Wahab Yousafzai

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess psychological morbidity and level of self-esteem in patients of acne vulgaris.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan from June 2017 to December 2017. Study was approved by ethical board of Shifa hospital. One hundred and fifty-six acne vulgaris patients of both genders, aging ≥16 years were selected by convenient sampling technique. Informed consent was taken from all participants. After collecting demographic details, each patient was assessed for psychological morbidity using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and self-esteem was measured by Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES). Data collected was analyzed by using SPSS version 20.
RESULTS: Out of 156 enrolled patients, 108 (69.2%) were females and 48 (30.8%) were males. Mean age of was 22.03±5.96 years. Mean duration of acne was 25.69±21.74 months. The most commonly affected area of the body with acne was face (n=108/156, 69.2%) followed by chest (n=24/156, 15.4%), shoulders (n=13/156, 8.3%) and back (n=11/156, 7.1%). A dominant proportion of the sample had positive family history of acne (82/156, 52.6%), were unmarried (118/156, 75.6%) and had a good educational background [graduates=53/156 (34.0%)]. A total of 27 (17.3%) patients had low esteem reported as per RSES and 146 (93.6%) were labelled as having psychological morbidity as per GHQ-12 scale. Fisher’s exact test showed no statistical significance between low esteem and psychological morbidity (p=0.2126).
CONCLUSION: The patients suffering from acne can suffer from low self-esteem. However, the proportion of patients having psychological morbidity because of acne is much higher and independent of self-esteem.

Article Details

How to Cite
Syed, M., M. Saleem, and A. Yousafzai. “PSYCHOLOGICAL MORBIDITY AND SELF-ESTEEM IN PATIENTS OF ACNE VULGARIS: DATA FROM A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN PAKISTAN”. KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, Vol. 12, no. 1, Mar. 2020, pp. 34-7, doi:10.35845/kmuj.2020.19121.
Section
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Maria Syed, Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan

Assistant Professor (Dermatology), Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Amer Saleem, Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Resident (Dermatology), Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Abdul Wahab Yousafzai, Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan

Associate Professor (Psychiatry), Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan

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