Efforts have been taken by various institutions to deal with research misconduct. Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan has blacklisted few researchers/faculty members who were involved in plagiarism. However; research integrity is not limited to handling research frauds, fabrication, falsification and plagiarism and punishing the culprits. Research integrity needs the development and implementation of policies and procedures for responsible conduct of research in accordance with professional standards. Institutions must create systems, which can ensure adherence to the ethical norms of research, use of robust study designs, strong data management, honest and accurate dissemination of study results and mechanisms to deal with allegations of research misconduct through a transparent process.
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Health Diary. Medical training dissertations are up for sale in Peshawar. April 28, 2017. [Cited on: July 30, 2019]. Available from URL: https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/201268-Medical-training-dissertations-are-up-for-sale-in-Peshawar
Higher Education Commission, Pakistan. Blacklisted researchers/faculty members. [Cited on: July 30, 2019]. Available from URL: https://www.hec.gov.pk/english/services/faculty/Plagiarism/Pages/Blacklisted-Faculty-Members.aspx
Research integrity is much more than misconduct. Nature 2019 Jun;570(7759):5. DOI: 10.1038/d41586-019-01727-0.
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Higher Education Commission of Pakistan. Model structure of ORIC. [Cited on: July 30, 2019]. Available from URL: https://www.hec.gov.pk/english/services/universities/ORICs/Pages/Model-Structure-of-ORIC.aspx