DEPENDENT PERSONALITY DISORDER SCALE: DEVELOPMENT AND RELIABILITY STUDY

Main Article Content

Zaqia Bano
Aqsa Shahzadi

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To develop and examine reliability of dependent personality disorder scale for adults.


METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study design was used to develop a scale, which will measures dependent personality disorder. The data was collected by using purposive sampling technique from different government and private colleges, universities and community of Sialkot. A total of 140 participants, between 19-75 years were enrolled in this study. The item pool of 134 items was generated from literature reviews and people’s opinions. Among the 125 items retained by experts, and after a pilot study only 36 statements were retained. The data was analyzed by using exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and reliability.


RESULTS: The final administration of 36 items was handed over to 180 participants. The model fit showed a P-value of <0.001, that established the structure validity and significance of the items to its subscales. At the final stage among the 36 items 21 were considered as reliable.


CONCLUSION: Indigenous dependent personality disorder scale with 21 questions and seven sub-scales was developed in native language Urdu. To evaluate the dependent personality this is a reliable and efficient measure which can be used by the psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker and other mental health professionals.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bano, Z., and A. Shahzadi. “DEPENDENT PERSONALITY DISORDER SCALE: DEVELOPMENT AND RELIABILITY STUDY”. KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, Vol. 12, no. 4, Dec. 2020, pp. 278-83, doi:10.35845/kmuj.2020.19802.
Section
Original Articles

References

1. American Psychological Association. Personality. Washington:The institute;2018. [Accessed on: October 09, 2019]. Available from URL: https://www.apa.org/topics/personality/
2. Simonelli A, Parolin M. Dependent Personality Disorder. 2017. [Accessed on: October 09, 2019]. Available from URL: https://www.coursehero.com/file/p56mpdri/26-Simonelli-A-Parolin-M-2017-Dependent-Personality-Disorder-Histrionic/
3. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5th ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing;2013. p. 675. [Accessed on: October 09, 2019]. Available from URL: https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm
4. Kvarnstrom E. Bridges to recovery. Understanding the Causes of Dependent Personality Disorder and Your Role in Your Loved One’s Treatment. 2018. [Accessed on: October 09, 2019]. Available from URL: https://www.bridgestorecovery.com/blog/understanding-causes-dependent-personality-disorder-role-loved-ones-treatment/
5. Bennett T. Dependent Personality Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment DSM-5 301.6 (F60.7). 2017. [Accessed on: October 09, 2019]. Available from URL: https://thriveworks.com/blog/dependent-personality-disorder/
6. Tyrer P, Morgan J, Cicchetti D. The Dependent Personality Questionnaire (DPQ): A Screening Instrument for Dependent Personality. Int J Soc Psychiatry 2004;50(1):10-7. DOI:10.1177/0020764004038754
7. Huber NM. Dependent Personality Inventory (DPI): a Scale to Assess Dependent Personality Subtypes Based on DSM-IV-TR Criteria. Dissertation. Cleveland State University. 2007. [Accessed on: October 09, 2019]. Available from URL: https://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/etdarchive/601/
8. Gulszik LA. Dependent Personality Inventory Revised (DPI-R): Incorporating a dimensional model in the assessment of dependent personality disorder. Dissertation. Cleveland State University. 2009. [Accessed on: October 09, 2019]. Available from URL: https://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/etdarchive/600/
9. Gore WL, Presnall JR, Miller JD, Lynam DR, Widiger TA. A five-factor measure of dependent personality traits. J Pers Assess 2012; 94(5):488-99. DOI: 10.1080/00223891.2012.670681.
10. Hollifield M, Verbillis-Kolp S, Farmer B, Toolson EC, Woldehaimanot T, Yamazaki J, et al. The Refugee Health Screener 15 (RHS-15): Development and validation of an instrument for anxiety, depression, and PTSD in refugees. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2013;35(2):202–09. DOI: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2012.12.002.
11. Gladstone M, Lancaster GA, Umar E, Nyirenda M, Kayira E, Van Den Broek NR, et al. The Malawi Development Assessment Tool (MDAT): The creation, validation, and reliability of a tool to assess child development in rural African settings. PLOS Med 2010;7(5):1–14. DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000273
12. Dong YT, Church AT. Cross-cultural equivalence and validity of the Vietnamese MMPI-2: Assessing psychological adjustment of Vietnamese refugees. Psychol Assess 2003;15(3):370–77. DOI: 10.1037/1040-3590.15.3.370.
13. Rahn M. Factor Analysis: A Short Introduction, Part 5–Dropping unimportant variables from your analysis 2018. [Accessed on: October 09, 2019]. Available from URL: https://www.theanalysisfactor.com/factor-analysis-5/
14. Hu L, Bentler PM. Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives, Structural Equation Modeling. Multidiscip J 1999;6(1):1-55. DOI: 10.1080/10705519909540118.
15. Hooper D, Coughlan J, Mullen M. Structural Equation Modeling: Guidelines for Determining Model Fit. Elec J Busi Res Meth 2008;6(1):53-60.
16. Fabrigar LR, MacCallum RC, Wegener DT, Strahan EJ. Evaluating the use of exploratory factor analysis in psychological research. Psychol. Methods 1999;4(3):272–99.
17. Mendi B, Mendi O. Evaluation of Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the E-lifestyle Instrument. J Yasar Uni 2015;10(40):6624-32.
18. Hinkin TR, Schriesheim CA. Development and application of new scales to measure the French and Raven (1959) bases of social power. J Appl Psychol 1989;74(4):561-7. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.74.4.561.
19. Sauro J. Is a Single Item Enough to Measure a Construct? 2018. [Accessed on: October 09, 2019]. Available from URL: https://measuringu.com/single-multi-items/
20. Laila U, Hanif R. Development and validation of job demands and resources indigenous scale: a developing country perspective. Pak Bus Rev 2018;19(4):1029-44. DOI: 10.22555/pbr.v19i4.1880.
21. Pai ALH, Mullins LL, Dortar D, Burant C, Wagner J, Chaney JM. Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Child Uncertainty in Illness Scale Among Children with Chronic Illness. J Pediatr Psychol 2007;32(3):288–96. DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsl021.
22. Bentler PM. Comparative fit indexes in structural models. Psychol Bull 1990;107(1):238-46. DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.107.2.238.