PSYCHOMETRIC ASSESSMENT OF DENTAL PHOBIA AND TREATMENT DEFERRAL AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF HEALTH SCIENCES: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Main Article Content

Khizra Rehman
Atiya Abdul Karim
Sidra Mohiuddin
Abeeha Batool Zaidi

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of dental anxiety and mental health among undergraduate students of health-care profession with delays in seeking dental treatment.


METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 400 undergraduate students attending Ziauddin College of Dentistry, Karachi, Pakistan. The sample was selected through non-probability convenience sampling from age group between 18-24 years old. A validated structured questionnaire was used to measure dental anxiety through modified dental anxiety scale, anxiety induced consumption patterns and dental treatment avoidance. Data was analyzed through SPSS version-22.


RESULTS: Out of 400 students, (296 (74%) were females and 104 (26%) were males; 223 (55.8%) were ≤20 years old. About 52.2% (n=209) consumed fizzy drinks and 49.5% (n=198) used to brush their teeth once daily. Thirty-five percent (n=139) never visited the dentist for check-up and 38.2% (n=153) reported low dental fear. High, moderate & low level of anxiety was observed in 22 (14.1%), 86 (55.1%) & 48 (30.8%) students with deferral in dental treatment as compared to 15 (6.2%), 124 (50.8%) 105 (43.0%) students with no deferral in dental treatment respectively (p<0.05). Majority of females (64.7%) as compared to males (35.3%) had delayed treatment due to dental phobia (p<0.01). Moderate & mild depression was observed in six (3.9%) & 25 (16%) students with deferral in dental treatment as compared to 15 (6.2%) & 34 (13.9%) students with no deferral in dental treatment respectively.


CONCLUSION: A significant association was noted between dental anxiety and negative dental-health seeking behaviors, while stress had no significant association with deferral.

Article Details

How to Cite
Rehman, K., A. Karim, S. Mohiuddin, and A. Zaidi. “PSYCHOMETRIC ASSESSMENT OF DENTAL PHOBIA AND TREATMENT DEFERRAL AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF HEALTH SCIENCES: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY”. KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, Vol. 12, no. 3, Sept. 2020, pp. 216-20, doi:10.35845/kmuj.2020.18992.
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Original Articles

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