SELF-REGULATION AS MEDIATOR IN PEER RELATIONSHIP, REJECTION SENSITIVITY WITH POSITIVE DEVELOPMENT AMONG ADOLESCENTS
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OBJECTIVE: To explore the mediating role of self-regulation in peer relationship, rejection sensitivity and positive development among adolescents.
METHODS: This cross-sectional research was conducted at Department of Psychology from October, 2018 to September, 2019, comprised of two phases. In first phase, Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ), Adolescent Peer Relations Instrument (APRI), Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (RSQ), and Positive Youth Development Inventory (PYDI), were translated into Urdu by forward-backward translation method. For pilot-testing, these scales were administered on 130 students and scales were found to be reliable. In second phase, Urdu versions of four instruments were administered to a sample of 608 (males=330, females=278) college students of 1st and 2nd years studying in various colleges of Sara-i-Alamgir by stratified proportionate random sampling technique.
RESULTS: Cronbach alpha reliability of SRQ, APRI, RSQ, and PYDI was found to be 0.710, 0.838, 0.704, and 0.851 respectively in first phase. Mean age of students was 17.6±0.83 years. The hierarchical regression analysis found the mediating role of self-regulation in positive development of adolescents while partial indirect effects for peer relationships (B=.28, p<.01) and full indirect effects for rejection sensitivity (B=.32, p<.001) were found.
CONCLUSION: The positive development in adolescents was enhanced by their self-regulatory strategies as it buffered the impact of negative relationships with the friends such as bullying and victimization. Furthermore, the elements of sensitivity to rejection by peers were softened by their self-regulation and did not hampered their positive development. Implications in the light of the present findings are discussed.
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