EXPLORATION OF POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH LEVELS AMONG PROFESSIONALS IN PAKISTAN: AN INDIGENOUS PERSPECTIVE

Keywords

Positive mental health levels
flourishing, languishing, moderate mental health
Psychological distress

How to Cite

Batool, N., & Hanif, R. (2019). EXPLORATION OF POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH LEVELS AMONG PROFESSIONALS IN PAKISTAN: AN INDIGENOUS PERSPECTIVE. KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, 11(3). https://doi.org/10.35845/kmuj.2019.19409

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The current research aimed to investigate prevalence of mental health states (positive mental wellbeing levels) across professional groups, working in diverse work settings in indigenous context.

METHODS: This Cross-sectional study was conducted at public tertiary care hospitals (Jinnah hospital Lahore, combined military hospital, telecommunication companies (Warid, Telecom, Telenor, Multinational firms, consultancy firms, Askari, bank, Muslim Commercial Bank located at Islamabad and Lahore (Pakistan)from February  2016 to December 2016. Data was collected through purposive sampling technique. The present research employed mental health continuum Short form (MHC-SF) and Brief symptom inventory (BSI) for measuring positive mental wellbeing levels and psychological distress (complete mental health).Data from (N=509) professionals working in Health care, telecom, Consultancy companies had been collected.

RESULTS: Descriptive statistics revealed satisfactory psychometrics of MHC-SF (α=.86) and BSI (α=.97) and its subscales. Analysis of Variance was computed for analyzing mean differences on positive mental health and psychopathology among health care professionals and other professional categories. Findings revealed significant mean differences for social wellbeing somatization, interpersonal sensitivity and paranoid ideation subscales of BSI. Moreover, mental health levels i.e. flourishing, moderate and languishing mental health among professional categories were also computed. Health care professionals had shown lower percentage of flourishing mental health levels as compared to other professional categories.

CONCLUSION: Mental health promotion strategies need to be employed for developing flourishing, productive workforce, for enhancing positive mental health rather than focusing solely on mental illness and psychological distress.

https://doi.org/10.35845/kmuj.2019.19409

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