FEAR OF FALL AMONG SUB-ACUTE STROKE PATIENTS IN LAHORE, PAKISTAN

Main Article Content

Neelofar Rizwan
Arooj Fatima
Maimoona Akhlaq Ahmed
Sana Tauqeer

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare fear of fall (lack of self-confidence to maintain balance during normal activity) with and without fall history among sub-acute stroke patients in Lahore, Pakistan.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2018 till January 2019 in different hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. Sixty-six patients in age group of 40-75 years and having sub-acute stroke (stroke duration between 2-6 months) were included in the study after taking their consent. Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) questionnaire was used.
RESULTS: Out of 66 subjects, 41 (62.1%) were males. Majority (n=39; 59.1%) of patients were between 50-70 years of age and 16 (24.2%) were >70 years old. Fifty (75.8%) patients had hemorrhagic stroke. Most (52/66, 78.8%) of the patients were independent/ambulatory. Thirty-six (54.5%) patients used assistive devices. Patients with history of fall were 37 (56.1%) while fear of fall was recorded in 28 (42.4%) patients. Maximum (17/37; 45.9%) patients fell in washroom, 12/37 (32.4%) in bedroom, 5/37 (12.5 %) fell outside at road or pavement and 3/37 (8.1%) patients fell from stairs. Overall mean FES-I score was 29.08±5.29. Mean FES-I score in patients with history of fall was 30.38±5.55 as compared to 27.41 ±4.50 in patients with no fall history (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION: In our study, fear of fall score is significantly higher in sub-acute stroke patients with history of fall than in patients without history of fall.

Article Details

How to Cite
Rizwan, N., A. Fatima, M. Akhlaq Ahmed, and S. Tauqeer. “FEAR OF FALL AMONG SUB-ACUTE STROKE PATIENTS IN LAHORE, PAKISTAN”. KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, Vol. 12, no. 1, Mar. 2020, pp. 15-8, doi:10.35845/kmuj.2020.19054.
Section
Original Articles

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