OBJECTIVE: To compare sit-to-stand (STS) pattern and different functional mobility tests in stroke and elderly population.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried at Physical therapy departments of Pakistan Railway Hospital Rawalpindi, Rafsan Neuro Rehabilitation Centre Peshawar and DOW Medical Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. Study duration was 6 months from June 2016 to November 2016 with a sample size of 100. Non-Probability purposive sampling technique was adopted for sample collection. After informed consent, data including demographics details and results of applied tests were recorded and analyzed through SPSS version-21. Independent sample T-test was used to measure difference among means, while Odds Ratio was calculated to measure the association.
RESULTS: The mean age of stroke patients was 54.5±9.83 years and mean age of elder population was 65.3±9.44 years. The association of STS pattern and different functional mobility between stroke patients and elderly population showed higher odd for each step of elderly population with an OR of 42.667, 2.667, 1.826, 1.556 and 1.690 for feet behind knees, pre-extension, extension, knee extension and hip extension respectively. The mean scores of Five times sit-to-stand test in stroke population group was 33.8±8.59 sec and 18.4±8.59 sec in elder population (p<0.05). Mean scores of timed up and go test, Tinneti performance oriented mobility scale, Berg Balance scale & Mini-Best test showed a significant difference among these tests (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Elderly population can perform STS pattern with much ease as compared to stroke patients while the different functional mobility tests have a significant difference among its values.
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