OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of progressive strength training on gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy.
METHODS: This quasi experimental study was performed in Children Hospital Lahore Pakistan. Convenient sampling technique was used in this study. Data was collected from 45 cerebral palsy patients with Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) 1-3. Three sessions of strength training in one week for 12 consecutive weeks was given. The resistance was increased according to level of strength of each child calculated by one repetition maximum (1RM). Gross Motor Function Measure 88 was used as outcome measure. Pre and post intervention mean score was compared by using Wilcoxon signed rank test.
RESULTS: Out of 45 cerebral palsy children 31 were males and 14 were females. A difference was observed between pre and post intervention mean score which was 4.2 after the 12 weeks strength training program. There were 17(37.8%) patients with age less than 10 years and 28(62.2%) patients with greater than 10 years of age. Out of 45 participants 1 had a GMFCS score of 1 and 16 had a GMFCS score of 2. Remaining 28 participants had a GMFCS score of 3 amounting to 62.2% of the total participants. P value > 0.05 showed that there was significant increase in post training score.
CONCLUSION: It is concluded that progressive strength training on gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy is helpful in improving the strength and physical ability of children.
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