FAMILY SYSTEM’S ROLE IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF THE CHILDREN
PDF

How to Cite

Gul, N., Ghani, N., Alvi, S., Kazmi, F., & Shah, A. (2017). FAMILY SYSTEM’S ROLE IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF THE CHILDREN. KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, 9(1), 29-32. Retrieved from https://www.kmuj.kmu.edu.pk/article/view/16202

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To find out the influence of single- and joint-family systems on psychological well-being of children.

METHODS: This comparative study was conducted on 200 participants, including 100 (50 male & 50 female) from single-family system and 100 (50 male & 50 female) from joint-family system. Required sample size was drawn for two different family systems equally by applying the stratified probability random sampling technique. Children aged 12-14 years were included. While Ryff psychological well-being measurement scale (RPWMS) was used for data collection purpose. In our study we assumed; in joint-family system the level of psychological well-being of the children will be higher than single-family system. While for statis­tical analysis of the collected data, descriptive analysis technique and independent t-test was used.

RESULTS: Mean age of participants was 13.09±0.86 years. Overall, mean RPWMS score was 186.60±42.61. Mean RPWMS score was 175.80±40.53 & 197.41±42.09 for children from single & joint family system respectively (p<0.001) and 195.93±36.56 & 177.28±46.23 for female & male children respectively (p<0.001). Mean score for autono­my, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations, purpose in life, and acceptance of self was 9.33±6.85 29.83±6.76, 29.22±7.37, 29.25±7.37, 29.42±7.58 & 28.75±7.88 respectively for participants from single-family system and 32.37±6.53, 33.120±6.35, 32.68±7.05, 32.39±7.75, 32.67±6.43 & 32.08±8.09 respectively for participants from joint-family system (p<0.01).

CONCLUSION: Children from joint-family system and female children had a better psychological well-being than children from single family system and male children on same scale with approximately same characteristic and features.

KEY WORDS:

Psychology, Social (MeSH), Family (MeSH), Family Relations (MeSH), Psychological well-being (Non-MeSH), Joint family system (Non-MeSH), Single family system (Non-MeSH), Ryff psychological well-being measurement scale (Non-MeSH)

PDF

References

Smith PK, Drew LM. Grandparenthood. Chap 5. In: Bornstein MH. (Ed.) Handbook of parenting. Vol 3. Being and becoming a parent. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates publishers. London. 2nd edition 2002; 1: 141–172.

Amato PR, Keith B. Parental divorce and adult well-being: A meta-analysis. J Mar¬riage Fam 1991 Feb 1; 53(1):43-58.

Deci EL, Ryan RM. Handbook of self-de¬termination research. NY University Rochester Press; 2002.

Irawati K. Kinship Organization in India, New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Pub¬lishers Pvt. Ltd. (1953) 1990.

Jylhä M, Jokela J. Individual experiences as cultural–a cross-cultural study on loneliness among the elderly. Ageing and Society. 1990 Sep 1;10(03):295-315.

Falci CD. The Effects of Family Structure and Family Process on the Psychological Well-Being of Children: From the Chil¬dren’s Point of View. [Thesis]. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 1997. [Accessed on April 02, 2016]. Avail¬able from URL: https://theses.lib.vt.edu/ theses/available/etd-182516659751561/ unrestricted/Falci.pdf

Waldfogel J, Craigie TA, Brooks-Gunn J. Fragile families and child wellbeing. The Future of children/Center for the Future of Children, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. Future Child 2010 Fall; 20(2): 87–112.

Bernardi F, Härkönen J, Boertien D. State-of-the-art Report: Effects of Family Forms and Dynamics on Children’s Well-being and Life Chances: Literature Review. Fam¬ilies And Societies project; 2013.

Mackay R. The impact of family structure and family change on child outcomes: A personal reading of the research lit¬erature. Soc Poly J New Zeal 2005 Mar 24;24(4):111-33.

Kreppner K, Lerner RM, (Editors). Family systems and life-span development. Psy¬chology Press; 2013 May.

Hampton KN. Social ties and community in urban places. Chap 5. In: Hiller HH. (Edit). Urban Canada. Oxford University Press, 2nd Edition. 2009. [Accessed on April 03, 2016]. Available from URL: http://www. mysocialnetwork.net/downloads/offprint/ Ch05_Hiller_Hampton.pdf

Bergeron LR. An elder abuse case study: Caregiver stress or domestic violence? You decide. J Gerontol Soc Work 2001 May 30;34(4):47-63. Doi: 10.9780/22307850

Tammsaar K, Laidmäe VI, Tulva T, Saia K. Family caregivers of the elderly: quality of life and coping in Estonia. Eur J Soc Work. 2014 Aug 8;17(4):539-55.

Therborn G. Between sex and power: Family in the world 1900-2000. Routledge; 2004 Jul 31.

Ryff CD, Keyes CL. The structure of psy¬chological well-being revisited. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1995 Oct;69(4):719-27.

Fomby P, Cherlin AJ. Family Instability and Child Well-Being. Am Sociol Rev 2007 Apr;72(2):181-204.

Yongmin S, Yuanzhang L. Children’s Well-Being During Parents’ Marital Dis¬ruption Process: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis. J Marriage Fam 2002;64:472–88.

WELLCHI Network. The well-being of children: the impact of changing family forms, working conditions of parents, social policy and legislative measures. 6th Framework. Programme of the Europe¬an Commission (2004-2007). [Cited on March 02, 2016]. Available from URL: http://cordis.europa.eu/docs/publica¬tions/1272/127237881-6_en.pdf

Acock AC, Demo DH. Family Diversity and Well-Being. SAGE Publications, Inc. New York, 1994.

Child Trends Databank. (2015). Fam¬ily structure. [Accessed on April 03, 2016]. Available from URL: https://www. childtrends.org/?indicators=family-struc¬ture

Hyde JS. The Gender Similarities Hypoth¬esis. Am Psychol 2005 Sep;60(6):581-92.

Michel G, Bisegger C, Fuhr DC, Abel T, The KIDSCREEN group. Age and gender differences in health-related quality of life of children and adolescents in Europe: a multilevel analysis. Qual Life Res 2009;18: 1147. doi:10.1007/s11136-009-9538-3

Facio A, Batistuta M. What makes Ar¬gentinian girls unhappy? A cross-cultural contribution to understanding gender differences in depressed mood during adolescence. J Adolesc 2001;24:671–80.

Nolen-Hoeksema S, Girgus JS. The emergence of gender differences in de¬pression during adolescence. Psychol Bull 1994;115:424–43.

Wichstrom L. The emergence of gender difference in depressed mood during ado-lescence: the role of intensified gender so¬cialization. Dev Psychol 1999;35:232–45.

Benjet C, Hernandez-Guzman L. Gender differences in psychological well-being of Mexican early adolescents. Adolescence. 2001 Spring;36(141):47-65.

Savoye I, Moreau N, Brault MC, Levêque A, Godin I. Well-being, gender, and psy-chological health in school-aged children. Arch Public Health. 2015 Dec 21;73:52. doi: 10.1186/s13690-015-0104-x. eCol¬lection 2015.

Levin KA, Currie C, Muldoon J. Mental well-being and subjective health of 11- to 15-year-old boys and girls in Scot¬land, 1994–2006. Eur J Public Health. 2009;19(6):605–10.

Work published in KMUJ is licensed under a

 Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic License.

Creative Commons License

Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.