Association of Teenage Pregnancy with Low Birth Weight: Tertiary Care Hospitals Based Case Control Study in Peshawar.

Main Article Content

Ayesha Imtiaz
Zia Ul-Haq
Maheen Badrashi
Saeed Farooq


Objectives: To determine the association between teenage pregnancy and LBW in a hospital setting at Peshawar, Pakistan.

Methodology:  Case control study was conducted between July and December 2014 at Neonatal Care units of Khyber Teaching Hospital and Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. Cases (Neonates with birth weight < 2.5 kg) and controls (Neonates with birth weight > 2.5kg) were matched for socio-economic status. Data was collected by interviewing, using semi-structured questionnaire. Birth weight of the newborn was measured. Logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the association between teenage pregnancy and low birth weight after adjustment for potential confounding factors.

Results: Total of 330 newborns with 110 cases and 220 controls were analyzed. 219 (66.4%) newborn were male; 84 (76%) of LBW newborn were premature and 26 (7.9%) of full term newborns were with low birth weight (IUGR). 94 (28%) of mothers were < 20 years of age and 63% were uneducated. Prematurity and Intrauterine growth restriction were associated with low birth weight (p=< 0.001) but this was not significant after adjustment for potential confounders. Overall, there was no significant association between teenage pregnancy and low birth weight (Adjusted O.R: 9.03, P-value = 0.164).

Conclusion: LBW was mainly due to prematurity. However, our study could not establish association of LBW with young maternal age.

Article Details

How to Cite
Imtiaz, A., Z. Ul-Haq, M. Badrashi, and S. Farooq. “Association of Teenage Pregnancy With Low Birth Weight: Tertiary Care Hospitals Based Case Control Study in Peshawar”. KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, vol. 7, no. 4, Feb. 2016, p. 173,
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Ayesha Imtiaz, Khyber Medical University

Assistant Professor, Institute of Public Health & Social Sciences

Zia Ul-Haq, Khyber Medical University

Associate Professor, Institute of Public Health & Social Sciences

Maheen Badrashi, Bacha Khan University

Lecturer, Nutrition Department

Saeed Farooq, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar

Professor, Psychiatry Dept.


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