PSYCHO-SOCIAL IMPACT OF ARMY PUBLIC SCHOOL TERRORIST ATTACK ON HIGH SCHOOL CHILDREN IN DISTRICT PESHAWAR, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN

Aliya Durrani

Abstract


Objective: To determine the psycho-social impact of Army Public school terrorist attack on high school children in district Peshawar.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on Government and private high school children from March to August 2015. Four hundred and twenty children’s in the age group of 13-16 years, equally selected from both Government and private high schools through stratified random sampling were enrolled in the study. Data was collected from the participants through psychometric tools included Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) and strength and difficulty questionnaire (SDQ). Statistical package for social sciences version 16 was used for the data analysis. Chi-square test was used to determine the association between the age, gender and psychological and social problems.

Results: Total 420 students in the age group of 13 to 16 years were included in the study, in which 210 were males and 210 were females. Out of the 420, 59 (14%) showed avoidance, 46 (11%) intrusion and 38 (9%) hyper-arousal. Score of 33 and more were shown by 59 (14%) of the children which mean 59 (14%) of the children had some sort of psychological problems. Social problems were shown by 17 (4%) of the children while 21 (5%) were at risk of such problems.

Conclusion: After analysing the psychosocial impact of Army public school terrorist attack on high school children, it is highly recommended that government should start certain psycho-social relief activities in the schools, in order to bring back the students to their normal life and will revive a spirit of enthusiasm in them.

Key words: Psychological impact, social impact, high school children, adolescents, Army Public school, terrorism.


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KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY (KMU) PESHAWAR

KMU INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (KIMS), KOHAT, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN- 2012

 

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