FREQUENCY OF RISK FACTORS AND AWARENESS REGARDING ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASES AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS OF A PRIVATE MEDICAL COLLEGE

Syed Imran Gilani, Saira Afridi

Abstract


Background: The burden of disease for Ischemic heart disease is a great public health concern in Pakistan. Since medical students experience highest degree of pressure from studies, thus becoming more vulnerable to risk factors for Ischemic heart disease.  This study aims to find out the frequency of risk factors and awareness levels regarding Ischemic heart disease among medical students.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study design. All the students from first and second year MBBS were invited, off which 143 participated. Data was collected using an interview based questionnaire, which included questions regarding frequency of risk factors and awareness level of students regarding ischemic heart disease. Descriptive statistics were drawn using an SPSS 15.0.Results: Mean age of the study population was 19.8. Vast majority of the students (90.2 %.) were well aware of the risk factors associated with Ischemic heart disease. Significant numbers of students were found to be vulnerable to risk factors associated with IHD such as lack of exercise (43%), family history of IHD (27.3%), presence of stress (66.3%) and use of junk food per week (39.1%). No association found between awareness levels of students with smoking habits, exercise, stress, use of oil or ghee and consumption of junk food.

Conclusion: Despite the fact that over whelming majority of the students were well aware of the risk factors for IHD, they were significantly prone to common risk factors such as lack of exercise, use of junk food, family history of IHD and presence of stress. These factors may impose both short term as well as long term threats to the overall health of the medical students.

Keywords: Ischemic heart disease, awareness, risk factors, medical students, stress.


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KMU INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (KIMS), KOHAT, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN- 2012

 

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