CHEMICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF DRINKING WATER IN DISTRICT PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN
PDF

Supplementary Files

Untitled

How to Cite

Iftikhar, B., Bashirullah, N., Ishtiaq, M., Khan, S., Siddique, S., & Ayaz, T. (2017). CHEMICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF DRINKING WATER IN DISTRICT PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN. KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, 8(4), 171. Retrieved from https://www.kmuj.kmu.edu.pk/article/view/16426

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the chemical quality of drinking water in the urban areas of District Peshawar, Pakistan.

METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in Peshawar from January to June 2015, after taking approval from the ethical committee of the Khyber Medical College (KMC) Peshawar, Pakistan. Water samples selected were properly sealed, labeled and then were aseptically transported to public health laboratory, KMC. All the water samples were investigated for selected water quality parameters i.e. carbon dioxide, total dissolved solids, Nitrite, Chloride, chromium, lead and copper; by using atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS 700). Results were analyzed and were presented in form of table and figures.

RESULTS: Total of fifty (50) drinking water samples was selected. Study results showed that all the selected water quality parameters were beyond the WHO standard permissible limits except nitrites, chlorides and total solids concentrations which were found within permissible limits.

CONCLUSION: Quality of drinking water was not in accordance to the WHO standards and thus might pose significant health risk upon its utilization. Moreover, the concerned sectors were suggested to regularly monitor drinking water resources and to report any contaminated or associated health risk to higher authorities for appropriate remedial measures to avoid morbidity and mortality associated with drinking water.

KEY WORDS: Drinking Water (MeSH), Permissible Exposure Limits (Non-MeSH), Morbidity (MeSH), Mortality (MeSH), Peshawar (Non-MeSH).

PDF

References

Nand V, Maata M, Koshy K, Sotheeswaran S. Water purification using moringa oleifera and other locally available seeds in Fiji for Heavy metal removal. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 2012 May;2(5).

Schwarzenbach RP, Egli T, Hofstetter TB, Von Gunten U, Wehrli B. Global water pollution and human health. Annual Review of Environment and Resources. 2010 Nov 21;35:109-36.

Ashbolt NJ. Microbial contamination of drinking water and disease outcomes in developing regions. Toxicology. 2004 May 20;198(1):229-38.

Mason, Rosemary A. "The sixth mass extinction and chemicals in the environment: our environmental deficit is now beyond nature’s ability to regenerate." (2015).

Wong PC, Waggoner D, Subramaniam JR, Tessarollo L, Bartnikas TB, Culotta VC, Price DL, Rothstein J, Gitlin JD. Copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase is essential to activate mammalian Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2000 Mar 14;97(6):2886-91.

Nawab B, Nyborg IL. Institutional challenges in water supply and sanitation in Pakistan: revealing the gap between national policy and local experience. Water Policy. 2009 Oct 1;11(5):582-97.

Jehangir Khan F, Javed Y. Delivering Access to Safe Drinking Water and Adequate Sanitation in Pakistan. Working Papers & Research Reports. 1961 Jan 3;2007:2007-30.

Chilton, J. and Chorus, I., 2006. Protecting Groundwater for Health.

World Health Organization. Guidelines for drinking-water quality: recommendations. World Health Organization; 2004.

Visuthismajarn P, Vitayavirasuk B, Leeraphante N, Kietpawpan M. Ecological risk assessment of abandoned shrimp ponds in Southern Thailand. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2005 May 1;104(1-3):409-18.

Dobson RS, Burgess JE. Biological treatment of precious metal refinery wastewater: A review. Minerals Engineering. 2007 May 31;20(6):519-32.

Baral A, Engelken RD. Chromium-based regulations and greening in metal finishing industries in the USA. Environmental Science & Policy. 2002 Apr 30;5(2):121-33.

Diersing, Nancy. "Water Quality: Frequently Asked Questions." Florida Brooks National Marine Sanctuary, Key West, FL. 2009.

Johnson, P. Lamb, M. Saul, and A.E. Winter-Nelson. "Meanings of environmental terms." Journal of Environmental Quality. 1997; 26: 581-589.

Greenhalgh A. Healthy living-water. BBC Health, March. 2001 Mar.

Kulshreshtha SN. A global outlook for water resources to the year 2025. Water Resources Management. 1998 Jun 1;12(3):167-84.

Connor R. The United Nations world water development report 2015: water for a sustainable world. UNESCO Publishing; 2015 Mar 23.

Shaheen, Aliya. "Effect of Drinking Water: A Survey on Health Hazard." (2015).

Stern N. Action and ambition for a global deal in Copenhagen. Policy Update, Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, Grantham Research Institute for Climate Change and the Environment, in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme, London. 2009 Dec;6.

Ademiluyi IA, Odugbesan JA. Sustainability and impact of community water supply and sanitation programmes in Nigeria: An overview. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2008 Dec 1;3(12):811-7.

Ahmed TA, Acharjee M, Rahman MS, Meghla M, Jamal J, Munshi SK, Noor R. Microbiological study of drinking water: qualitative and quantitative approach. Asian J. Microbiol. Biotech. Env. Sc. 2013;15(4):23-30.

Murphy CM. Solids Accumulation Rates of Latrines at Rural Schools in Nimba County, Liberia. 2015.

Soylak M, Aydin FA, Saracoglu S, Elci L, Dogan M. Chemical analysis of drinking water samples from Yozgat, Turkey. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 2002 Jan 1;11(2):151-6.

Vasishta Bhatt, Kuldip Gohil and Samat Ram. Organoleptic and physicochemical properties of underground and reverse osmosis water used in V.V.Nagar and nearby places of dist. Anand (Gujarat), Acta Chim. Pharm. Indica., 2011, 1(1), pp. 51-56.

Haydar S, Arshad M, Aziz JA. Evaluation of drinking water quality in urban areas of Pakistan: A case study of Southern Lahore. Pak. J. Engg. & Appl. Sci. 2009 Jul 5;5:16-23.

Khan AR, Haq IU, Khan WA, Akif M, Khan M, Riaz M. Quality characteristics of Potable water of Mardan city (Pakistan) and surrounding areas. Journal-Chemical Society Of Pakistan. 2000 Jun 1;22(2):87-93.

United Nations Children's Fund. UNICEF's engagement in Sanitation and Water for All (2012-07). "UNICEF's engagement in Sanitation and Water for All”.

Khan S, Shahnaz M, Jehan N, Rehman S, Shah MT, Din I. Drinking water quality and human health risk in Charsadda district, Pakistan. Journal of cleaner production. 2013 Dec 1;60:93-101.

Khan, A. R., G. A. Marwat, and M. Riaz. "Potable water quality characteristics of the urban areas of Peshawar (Pakistan) part 2: well water." (2005).

Work published in KMUJ is licensed under a

 Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic License.

Creative Commons License

Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.