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Umara Rauf
Uzma Ali



Objective: To explore and compare the level of depression among male and female patients with diabetes type 2 in different hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan

Methodology: This comparative study was carried out in diabetes centers and diabetes departments of different hospitals during 1st January, 2010 to 31st December, 2012. A purposive sample consisting of 96 adults (48 males and 48 females) patients with T2DM with age ranging from 25 to 75 years (mean=41.2±12.3 years) belonging to different socioeconomic status were selected. After taking individual’s informed consent, demographic information was taken through a preformed demographic proforma. Depression was assessed through Salma Siddiqui Depression Scale (SSDS) .

Results: The findings showed that mean SSDS score was 36.63±18.63
in female T2DM patients and 28.04±19.06 in male adults with T2DM
(t=-2.25,p<.05). Moreover, prevalence rate of depression among both
groups (male and female) indicates that females patients with T2DM fall under the category of mild level of depression with the ratio of 31.3%, 14.6% with moderate, and 25.0% with severe level of depression; while 25% males with T2DM fall in the category of mild, 6.3% moderate, and 18.8% in severe level of depression .  

Conclusion: Female adults with T2DM have more severe level on
the construct of depression.

Key Words: Depression (MeSH), Gender (Non-MeSH), Diabetes
Mellitus, Type 2 (MeSH), Salma Siddiqui Depression Scale (Non-MeSH)

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Author Biography

Umara Rauf, Ph.D.(fellow at Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi

I am student of Ph.D in Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi. Have completed my Post Magestrial Diploma In Clinical Psychology in 2008. Done my M.Phil in Clinical Psychology in 2012.



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