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Objective: To determine the frequency of bacterial Vaginosis in married/sexually active patients presenting with vaginal discharge.
Background: Bacterial Vaginosis is a polymicrobial syndrome resulting in decrease concentration of lactobacilli, a higher vaginal pH & increase in a pathogenic bacteria mainly gardnerella vaginalis, Mobilincus species, bacteriods, prevotella species and mycoplasma species
Study design: Cross sectional study.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted on 150 patients presenting with vaginal discharge. All the patients under went sterile speculum examination after taking informed consent.
Results: Out of 150 patient with vaginal discharge 53 (35.3%) patients had bacterial vaginosis. Majority of patients were 16-25 years (48.7%). Out of 36 pregnant patients (24%), bacterial vaginosis was positive in 20 patients (13.3%), so pregnancy was significantly associated with bacterial vaginosis.
Conclusion: BV is persistent problem among the women of reproductive age group. It has significant association with pregnancy and associated complication like preterm labor and midtrimester abortion. IUCD use has been reported to be highly associated with bacterial vaginosis and it also increases the risk of UTI.
Key Words: Vaginal discharge, bacterial vaginosis, gardnerella vaginalis.
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