FREQUENCY OF ANAEMIA IN PATIENTS PRESENTING TO TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN PESHAWAR (PAKISTAN)
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Shahab, F., Raziq, F., Shahab, A., & Sikandar, S. (2015). FREQUENCY OF ANAEMIA IN PATIENTS PRESENTING TO TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN PESHAWAR (PAKISTAN). KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, 7(1), 30-33. Retrieved from https://www.kmuj.kmu.edu.pk/article/view/13393

Abstract

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 OBJECTIVES: To document the frequency of anemia in all patients who presented to out-patient and/or in-patient in a tertiary level hospital in Peshawar PAKISTAN and to find the frequency of various grades of anemia in male and female patients.

METHODOLOGY: This retrospective, chart-based, descriptive, institu­tion-based study was conducted in Department of Pathology, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. A total of 16,000 ‘full blood count’ reports were reviewed for this study which were performed from 15th March, 2012 to 15th June, 2012. Simple random sampling was done to select data of 6104 male patients and 1578 female patients. Hemoglobin level <13 mg/dL for males and <12 mg/dL for females was considered as anemic.

RESULTS: Out of a total of 7682 patients, 66.8% (n=5133) were found to be anemic while 33.2% (n=2549) patients had normal hemoglobin levels. There were 4115 male (67.4%) and 1018 female (64.5%) which were found to be anemic. Mean hemoglobin level was 11.64+2.5536 gm/dl for male patients and 11.10+2.1024 gm/dl for female patients. Moderate anemia was more common in female patients (18.5%) as compared to males (16.5%) while mild and severe anemia were more common in male patients as compared to females patients (43% vs. 39%) and (7.6% vs. 7%)] respectively.

CONCLUSION: Frequency of anemia was high in patients presenting to tertiary care hospital in Peshawar. The frequency was slightly higher amongst male patients compared to female patients. Even after ex­cluding the 2 high risk groups i.e. pregnant females and infants, a high frequency rate is very alarming.

KEY WORDS: Anemia, Iron-Deficiency Anemia, Hospital-Based Study.

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