Mucocele Appendix- literature review

Main Article Content

Salman Ahmed Tipu
Ishtiaq Ahmed
Sundas Ishtiaq


 This review was written on data collected from case reports, cross-sec­tional studies, open-label studies and phase –II trials between 1989-2012. Web sites and other online resources of American college of surgeons, Medline, NCBI and Medscape resource centers were used to extract data. Mucocele of the appendix is a rare lesion characterized by the dilatation of the appendix lumen with mucus accumulation. It is more common in 5th and 6th decade with female preponderance. Appen­diceal mucoceles can be classified into four histologic groups namely, mucinous cystadenomas, mucosal hyperplasia, simple or retention cysts & Mucinous cystadenocarcinomas. The preoperative diagnosis is usually difficult due to nonspecific clinical presentation. The “onion skin sign” on ultrasound is considered to be specific for mucocele of the appendix. CT scan abdomen usually shows a cystic well-encapslated mass, com­municating directly with the cecum sometimes with mural punctate or curvilinear calcification, which may be causing extrinsic pressure on the caecal wall without any surrounding inflammatory reaction. All patients who present with an asymptomatic mass or an incidental cystic lesion of the appendix should undergo surgical exploration, resection and is determined by the organ’s integrity, the dimensions of the base and histological type of the lesion.



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How to Cite
Tipu, S., I. Ahmed, and S. Ishtiaq. “Mucocele Appendix- Literature Review”. KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL, Vol. 6, no. 1, Dec. 2013, pp. 31-34,
Narrative Review Articles
Author Biographies

Salman Ahmed Tipu, Al-Nafees Medical College, Isra University, Islamabad

Assistant Professor


Ishtiaq Ahmed, Al-Nafees Medical College, Isra University, Islamabad

Professor & HOD



Sundas Ishtiaq, Women medical college




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