STRESS, ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN WOMEN WITH FIRST TIME PREGNANCY: A STUDY ON PAKISTANI WOMEN

Afsheen Masood, Rubab Musarrat, Shama Mazahir, Sadia Naz

Abstract


Objective: Perceived stress, anxiety and depression in women with first pregnancy is much more rampant than later pregnancies. The current research endeavors to investigate the hypothesis that there is likely to be significant positive correlation in perceived stress, anxiety and depression in women with first pregnancy.

 

Materials and Method:Sample included 80 women with first pregnancy within the age range of 19-31years, taken from major hospitals of Lahore. Measures comprised ofPerceived Stress Scale (Cohen et al., 1988), Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (Zung, 1965)and Preganancy Phase Anxiety scale (Masood, 2014).

 

Results:The results exposed significant positive relationship between perceived stress, anxiety and depression. The results also showed that age of the husband had significant positive relationship with perceived stress while it had no significant relationship with depression and anxiety of the women. Moreover the duration of the marriage revealed no significant relationship with perceived stress, depression and anxiety pregnant women.

 

Conclusion:The results showed that stress, anxiety and depression during pregnancy are significant correlated in first time pregnant women. Further analyses revealed that anxiety during first time pregnancy rather than depression emerged as the significant predictor of pregnancy based stress as per stepwise regression analysis. This study enhances the understanding of the dynamics of stress, anxiety and depression of women with first time pregnancy and urges the dire need for development of effective counseling and health package programs in addition to psycho-educational programs for managing the menace of stress, anxiety and depression during first time pregnancy. 


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KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY (KMU) PESHAWAR

KMU INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (KIMS), KOHAT, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN- 2012

 

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