FAMILY SYSTEM’S ROLE IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF THE CHILDREN

Nighat Gul, Nasreen Ghani, Sajid Mehmood Alvi, Farhana Kazmi, Asger Ali Shah

Abstract


OBJECTIVE: To find out the influence of single- and joint-family systems on psychological well-being of children.

METHODS: This comparative study was conducted on 200 participants, including 100 (50 male & 50 female) from single-family system and 100 (50 male & 50 female) from joint-family system. Required sample size was drawn for two different family systems equally by applying the stratified probability random sampling technique. Children aged 12-14 years were included. While Ryff psychological well-being measurement scale (RPWMS) was used for data collection purpose. In our study we assumed; in joint-family system the level of psychological well-being of the children will be higher than single-family system. While for statis­tical analysis of the collected data, descriptive analysis technique and independent t-test was used.

RESULTS: Mean age of participants was 13.09±0.86 years. Overall, mean RPWMS score was 186.60±42.61. Mean RPWMS score was 175.80±40.53 & 197.41±42.09 for children from single & joint family system respectively (p<0.001) and 195.93±36.56 & 177.28±46.23 for female & male children respectively (p<0.001). Mean score for autono­my, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations, purpose in life, and acceptance of self was 9.33±6.85 29.83±6.76, 29.22±7.37, 29.25±7.37, 29.42±7.58 & 28.75±7.88 respectively for participants from single-family system and 32.37±6.53, 33.120±6.35, 32.68±7.05, 32.39±7.75, 32.67±6.43 & 32.08±8.09 respectively for participants from joint-family system (p<0.01).

CONCLUSION: Children from joint-family system and female children had a better psychological well-being than children from single family system and male children on same scale with approximately same characteristic and features.

KEY WORDS:

Psychology, Social (MeSH), Family (MeSH), Family Relations (MeSH), Psychological well-being (Non-MeSH), Joint family system (Non-MeSH), Single family system (Non-MeSH), Ryff psychological well-being measurement scale (Non-MeSH)


Full Text:

PDF

References


Smith PK, Drew LM. Grandparenthood. Chap 5. In: Bornstein MH. (Ed.) Handbook of parenting. Vol 3. Being and becoming a parent. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates publishers. London. 2nd edition 2002; 1: 141–172.

Amato PR, Keith B. Parental divorce and adult well-being: A meta-analysis. J Mar¬riage Fam 1991 Feb 1; 53(1):43-58.

Deci EL, Ryan RM. Handbook of self-de¬termination research. NY University Rochester Press; 2002.

Irawati K. Kinship Organization in India, New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Pub¬lishers Pvt. Ltd. (1953) 1990.

Jylhä M, Jokela J. Individual experiences as cultural–a cross-cultural study on loneliness among the elderly. Ageing and Society. 1990 Sep 1;10(03):295-315.

Falci CD. The Effects of Family Structure and Family Process on the Psychological Well-Being of Children: From the Chil¬dren’s Point of View. [Thesis]. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 1997. [Accessed on April 02, 2016]. Avail¬able from URL: https://theses.lib.vt.edu/ theses/available/etd-182516659751561/ unrestricted/Falci.pdf

Waldfogel J, Craigie TA, Brooks-Gunn J. Fragile families and child wellbeing. The Future of children/Center for the Future of Children, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. Future Child 2010 Fall; 20(2): 87–112.

Bernardi F, Härkönen J, Boertien D. State-of-the-art Report: Effects of Family Forms and Dynamics on Children’s Well-being and Life Chances: Literature Review. Fam¬ilies And Societies project; 2013.

Mackay R. The impact of family structure and family change on child outcomes: A personal reading of the research lit¬erature. Soc Poly J New Zeal 2005 Mar 24;24(4):111-33.

Kreppner K, Lerner RM, (Editors). Family systems and life-span development. Psy¬chology Press; 2013 May.

Hampton KN. Social ties and community in urban places. Chap 5. In: Hiller HH. (Edit). Urban Canada. Oxford University Press, 2nd Edition. 2009. [Accessed on April 03, 2016]. Available from URL: http://www. mysocialnetwork.net/downloads/offprint/ Ch05_Hiller_Hampton.pdf

Bergeron LR. An elder abuse case study: Caregiver stress or domestic violence? You decide. J Gerontol Soc Work 2001 May 30;34(4):47-63. Doi: 10.9780/22307850

Tammsaar K, Laidmäe VI, Tulva T, Saia K. Family caregivers of the elderly: quality of life and coping in Estonia. Eur J Soc Work. 2014 Aug 8;17(4):539-55.

Therborn G. Between sex and power: Family in the world 1900-2000. Routledge; 2004 Jul 31.

Ryff CD, Keyes CL. The structure of psy¬chological well-being revisited. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1995 Oct;69(4):719-27.

Fomby P, Cherlin AJ. Family Instability and Child Well-Being. Am Sociol Rev 2007 Apr;72(2):181-204.

Yongmin S, Yuanzhang L. Children’s Well-Being During Parents’ Marital Dis¬ruption Process: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis. J Marriage Fam 2002;64:472–88.

WELLCHI Network. The well-being of children: the impact of changing family forms, working conditions of parents, social policy and legislative measures. 6th Framework. Programme of the Europe¬an Commission (2004-2007). [Cited on March 02, 2016]. Available from URL: http://cordis.europa.eu/docs/publica¬tions/1272/127237881-6_en.pdf

Acock AC, Demo DH. Family Diversity and Well-Being. SAGE Publications, Inc. New York, 1994.

Child Trends Databank. (2015). Fam¬ily structure. [Accessed on April 03, 2016]. Available from URL: https://www. childtrends.org/?indicators=family-struc¬ture

Hyde JS. The Gender Similarities Hypoth¬esis. Am Psychol 2005 Sep;60(6):581-92.

Michel G, Bisegger C, Fuhr DC, Abel T, The KIDSCREEN group. Age and gender differences in health-related quality of life of children and adolescents in Europe: a multilevel analysis. Qual Life Res 2009;18: 1147. doi:10.1007/s11136-009-9538-3

Facio A, Batistuta M. What makes Ar¬gentinian girls unhappy? A cross-cultural contribution to understanding gender differences in depressed mood during adolescence. J Adolesc 2001;24:671–80.

Nolen-Hoeksema S, Girgus JS. The emergence of gender differences in de¬pression during adolescence. Psychol Bull 1994;115:424–43.

Wichstrom L. The emergence of gender difference in depressed mood during ado-lescence: the role of intensified gender so¬cialization. Dev Psychol 1999;35:232–45.

Benjet C, Hernandez-Guzman L. Gender differences in psychological well-being of Mexican early adolescents. Adolescence. 2001 Spring;36(141):47-65.

Savoye I, Moreau N, Brault MC, Levêque A, Godin I. Well-being, gender, and psy-chological health in school-aged children. Arch Public Health. 2015 Dec 21;73:52. doi: 10.1186/s13690-015-0104-x. eCol¬lection 2015.

Levin KA, Currie C, Muldoon J. Mental well-being and subjective health of 11- to 15-year-old boys and girls in Scot¬land, 1994–2006. Eur J Public Health. 2009;19(6):605–10.




KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY (KMU) PESHAWAR

KMU INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (KIMS), KOHAT, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN- 2012 

< 

 https://www.facebook.com/KhyberMedicalUniversityJournalkmuj?ref=hl

linkedin: http://www.linkedin.com/profile/view?id=272237466&alinkedinuthType=NAME_SEARCH&authToken=XZ6J&locale=en_US&srchid=2722374661383810481309&srchindex=3&srchtotal=37&trk=vsrp_people_res_name&trkInfo=VSRPsearchId%3A2722374661383810481309%2CVSRPtargetId%3A272237466%2CVSRPcmpt%3Aprimary

Member of COPE http://publicationethics.org/members/kmuj-khyber-medical-university-journal-0

<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/4.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a>.