ROLE OF ILEOSTOMY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF LATE CASES OF TYPHOID INTESTINAL PERFORATION
Objective: To evaluate the outcome of loop illestomy in late cases of illeal typhoid perforation in terms of duration ofhospital stay, morbidity and mortality in our set up.
Methodology: This prospective study was conducted at Khyber medical University (KMU), Institute of Medical Sciences,Kohat from January 2005 to January 2011. We studied 58 consecutive cases having ileal typhoid perforation ofmore than 24 hours duration who underwent surgery followed by loop ileostomy. Data was collected on a structuredproforma including patient’s demographics, clinical features with relevant investigations, operative findings, postoperativecomplications and length of hospital stay. Patients were regularly followed up for complications.
Results: A total of 58 cases were studied over 6 years duration. Fever, abdominal pain, guarding and tenderness ineither right iliac fossa or whole abdomen was observed in all 58/58 (100%) cases. Widal test and blood culture wasfound positive in 25 (43.1%) and 30 (51.72%) of the cases respectively and gas under Rt hemidiaphram was seen in(79.31%) of cases. A single perforation of <1 cm size was found on the anti- mesenteric border of terminal ileum in 51/58 (87.9%) cases. Wound infection (n=15, 26.3%) and peristomal excoriation of skin (n=11, 19.2%) were commonpostoperative complications. Mean hospital stay was 7.53+4.9 days and median hospital stay was 6 days. Mortalityrate was 3.45 % in our study.
Conclusion: Loop Ileostomy is a safe procedure having good outcome in terms of low morbidity, mortality and hospitalstay in properly selected cases of illeal typhoid perforation.
Key Words: Typhoid complication, intestinal perforation, loop ileostomy.
KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY (KMU) PESHAWAR
KMU INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (KIMS), KOHAT, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN- 2012
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